pdf The Fourth R


This short book is about the 4th R, Reasoning/Computational Thinking. Reasoning/Computational Thinking makes use of one’s brain and Information and Communication Technology (ICT)–especially Artificial Intelligence–to represent and solve problems. Like Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic (Reading, ‘Riting, and ‘Rithmetic), the fourth R is both a discipline of study and an aid to representing and solving problems throughout the curriculum.

The book’s intended audience is preservice and inservice teachers at the PreK-12 levels, as well as all people interested in improving education at these levels. The emphasis is on defining and securing widespread acceptance of a 4th R in the traditional list of Reading, ‘Riting, and ‘Rithmetic. My recommendation is that this 4th R should be thoroughly integrated into the traditional 3 Rs and throughout the curriculum.