document The Fourth R (Second Edition)


This newly revised and updated 97-page book is about the 4th R of Reasoning/Computational Thinking. Like Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic (Reading, ‘Riting, and ‘Rithmetic), the 4th R of Reasoning/Computational Thinking is both a discipline of study in its own right as well as being an aid to representing and solving problems throughout the curriculum and at all grade levels.

Reasoning/Computational Thinking makes use of one’s brain working together with the computer brains and other capabilities of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)–especially Artificial Intelligence–to represent and solve problems.

The book’s intended audience is preservice and inservice teachers at the PreK-12 levels, as well as parents, other educators, and all people interested in improving education at these levels. The emphasis is on defining and securing widespread acceptance of adding a new 4th R to the traditional list of Reading, ‘Riting, and ‘Rithmetic. My recommendation is that this 4th R should be thoroughly integrated into the traditional 3 Rs across all grade levels and across all curriculum areas.

This is a revised and updated Second Edition of The Fourth R that was published on 12/18/2016. It contains essentially all of the content of the first edition, with a large number of additions and some small corrections. The major change is the addition of one completely new chapter, Learning to Do and Doing to Learn, and one new appendix, Thoughts About a Modern Mathematics Education. All of the reference links have been tested and updated, and a number of new References and Resources have been added. This second edition is about 30% longer than the first edition.