You are probably aware of the movement toward online assessment in education. The Common Core State Standards initiative includes a strong focus on Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT). Learn more about CCSS at Moursund & Sylwester (2013).
The earliest Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL) systems included assessment features. In the very simplest CAL, learners answered T/F or multiple-choice questions. The computer provided feedback on correct and incorrect answers, and a cumulative record of a student’s performance.